Theodosius II

Marcian 450 – 457 A.D.

Marcian succeeded Theodosius II upon the emperor's accidental death. It appears a commander by the name of Arbadur was key in securing the post for Marcian and convinced Pulcheria, Theodosius's widow, to not only confirm the nomination but also become his nominal wife, a purely political relationship that was only to strengthen the legitimacy of Marcian's claim to the throne. They would lead separate lives from then on. Marcian proved a capable manager for the eastern seat of the empire and died without incident in 457 of old age.   AU Solidus RIC 509 (X, Eastern) Solidus Obv: DNMARCIANVSPFAVG...

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Johannes 423 – 425 A.D.

Johannes was a high-ranking civil servant under Honorius. When the emperor died there was no clear and Johannes was proclaimed Augustus with the help and approval of a former Honorius general. Johannes's title was immediately contested by Theodosius II who stood to gain politically by aligning himself with Constantius III's widow, Galla Placidia, and her infant son Valentinian III. Accordingly, an army was sent to crush Johannes and he was captured, publicly ridiculed, mutilated and then executed. AU Solidus RIC 1901, Depeyrot 12/1 Solidus Obv: DNIOHANNESPFAVG - Diademed (rosettes), draped...

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Galla Placidia 388 – 450 A.D.

Galla Placidia led probably the most dramatic life of any empress. She was the daughter of Theodosius and half-sister of both Honorius and Arcadius. While living in Rome during the sacking of 410, she was kidnapped by Alaric and taken to Carthage. Although Alaric died soon afterwards, his successor, Athaulf, went on to Gaul with the intention of eventually deposing Honorius. In transit he forcibly married Galla, most likely to strengthen his claim to a would-be throne. He was defeated and chased out of Gaul, along with her, into Spain where he died in 415. At this point another rival barbarian...

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Eudocia 393 – 460 A.D.

Wife of Theodosius II. Remembered for an active role in the early Christian church. AU Medallion RIC 281 (X, Theodosius II) Double Solidus Obv: AELEVDOCIAAVG - Diademed, draped bust right. Rev: SALVSREIPVBLICAE Exe: /CONOB - Eudocia seated, facing. AU Solidus RIC 228 (X, Theodosius II) Solidus Obv: AELEVDOCIAAVG - Diademed, draped bust right, crowned by Hand of God. Rev: VOTXXMVLTXXX Exe: /CONOB - Victory standing left, holding cross; star above. 423-429 (Constantinopolis). RIC 229 (X, Theodosius II) Solidus Obv: AELEVDOCIAAVG - Diademed, draped bust right, crowned...

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Constantius III 421 A.D.

Constantius III was a general under Honorius. It was thanks to him and his armies that the usurpers Constantine III, Constans II and Maximus were defeated and their domains returned to the empire. As recognition for these triumphs Honorius gave him his sister, Galla Placidia, in marriage and made him co-emperor in 421. However, Theodosius II out in the eastern half of the empire would not recognize Constantius. To assert his title, Constantius then prepared to take on Theodosius but became ill and died before plans could materialize. Galla became pregnant before his death and their son Valentinian...

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