Septimius Severus

Pescennius Niger 193 – 194 A.D

Niger was the governor of Syria at the time of Pertinax's murder. When he heard what had happened he decided he was the right man for the job. His soldiers quickly fell in line and off they went to Rome. A little kink in their plans cropped up when news reached them that the army of Septimius Severus had the same plans. Niger judiciously figured that his chances of defeating Severus in the open field were not good so he retreated at once back to Syria to await Severus on his own turf. Although this made things a bit more difficult for Severus, however, he was still able to defeat his rival in separate...

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Julia Domna c.170 – 217 A.D.

Julia Domna was the wife of Septimius Severus and mother of Geta and Caracalla. She died in exile of either as a result of breast cancer or after a self-imposed hunger strike following Caracalla's murder.   AU Aureus RIC 381 (Caracalla), BMC 11a (Caracalla), C 110 Aureus Obv: IVLIAPIAFELIXAVG - Draped bust right. Rev: MATAVGGMATSENMPATR - Julia Domna seated left, holding branch and scepter. 211-215 (Rome). $5,500 1/13/03. RIC 536 (Septimius Severus), BMC 48 (Septimius Severus), C 193 Aureus Obv: IVLIADOMNAAVGVSTA - Draped bust right. Rev: VENERIVICTR - Venus standing right,...

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Geta 211 – 212 A.D.

Geta, Caracalla's brother and son of Septimius Severus, served as Caesar from 198 until his father's death in 211. At this point he became Augustus, sharing the top slot with Caracalla. Caracalla, in turn, wanted none of this and prepared to rid himself of his unwelcome sidekick. Tricking Geta into a feigned peace summit to be convened on the neutral grounds of their mother's residence, Geta was instead ambushed by a detachment of Caracalla's troops and cold-heartedly slain as he desperately sought refuge in his mother's arms. AU Aureus RIC 3 Denarius Obv: LSEPTIMIVSGETACAES - Bare-headed,...

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Didius Julianus 193 A.D.

In what was to become one of the most shameful episodes in the political annals of the empire, the death of Pertinax launched a frantic search for an imperial replacement. The imperial guard, who held de facto power, decided to "right the wrongs" of Pertinax in a most self-serving manner: by auctioning off the throne! Two of Rome's richest Senators, Didius Julianus and Sulpicianus bid back and forth the donative to be given to each soldier until the sum of about 625 denarii was reached by Julianus. He was at this point declared the winner amid a joyous uproar. A joyous uproar, of course, by the soldiers...

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Caracalla 211 – 217 A.D

Caracalla's real name was Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. He got the nickname from his habit of wearing a cloak by the same name. Caracalla was the elder son of Septimius Severus and brother of Geta whom he positively hated. Hated so much, in fact, that he had him murdered a few years later. In the mayhem that follwed, Caracalla's men went on a killing spree of anyone suspected of being a Geta sympathizer. In the massacre, it's estimated up to 20.000 people lost their lives. Caracalla would go on to rule for another five years but his bad karma caught up with him and he was assassinated in a plot perpetrated...

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