Honorius

Maximus 409 – 411 A.D.

Following the usurpation of Constantine III, Spain was caught in the difficult decision of whether to support the insurgency or remain loyal to Rome. Constantine III abandoned Britain carrying with him most of his forces to settle in Gaul so as to consolidate his power base in the region. He sent a detachment into Spain and the province readily seceded and sided with Constantine. However, the occupying forces of Constantine in Spain soon faced internal power struggles with local barbarian tribes. When word of this strife reached Constantine a delegation was sent to Spain to intervene. Gerontius,...

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Johannes 423 – 425 A.D.

Johannes was a high-ranking civil servant under Honorius. When the emperor died there was no clear and Johannes was proclaimed Augustus with the help and approval of a former Honorius general. Johannes's title was immediately contested by Theodosius II who stood to gain politically by aligning himself with Constantius III's widow, Galla Placidia, and her infant son Valentinian III. Accordingly, an army was sent to crush Johannes and he was captured, publicly ridiculed, mutilated and then executed. AU Solidus RIC 1901, Depeyrot 12/1 Solidus Obv: DNIOHANNESPFAVG - Diademed (rosettes), draped...

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Honorius 394 – 423 A.D.

Honorius was born to Theodosius and Aelia Flaccilla in 384 and inherited the western part of the empire on his father's death (with the eastern half going to his elder brother Arcadius). During his lifetime Honorius witnessed wave after wave of barbarian invasions, each one more devastating than the previous one. In 404 he moved the imperial palace to a fortress in Ravenna. On cue, Rome was then sacked in 410 by the barbarian forces under the command of Alaric; a first in over 800 years. The Vandals would seize Northern Africa (Italy's bread basket) and various usurpers, most importantly Constantine...

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Galla Placidia 388 – 450 A.D.

Galla Placidia led probably the most dramatic life of any empress. She was the daughter of Theodosius and half-sister of both Honorius and Arcadius. While living in Rome during the sacking of 410, she was kidnapped by Alaric and taken to Carthage. Although Alaric died soon afterwards, his successor, Athaulf, went on to Gaul with the intention of eventually deposing Honorius. In transit he forcibly married Galla, most likely to strengthen his claim to a would-be throne. He was defeated and chased out of Gaul, along with her, into Spain where he died in 415. At this point another rival barbarian...

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Eudoxia c.380 – 404 A.D.

The wife of Arcadius, Eudoxia had no desire to remain in the political background that was expected of an empress. Instead, she thoroughly dominated not only the will of Arcadius (who was, incidentally, content to relax well out of the limelight) but also play an active role in the political issues of the day and the religious ones as well. In this light she was resented by many who saw her self-acquired role unwelcome and was denounced as arrogant and materialistic. Those who had the nerve to condemn her could always count on swift retribution on her orders and this only served to further alienate...

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Constantius III 421 A.D.

Constantius III was a general under Honorius. It was thanks to him and his armies that the usurpers Constantine III, Constans II and Maximus were defeated and their domains returned to the empire. As recognition for these triumphs Honorius gave him his sister, Galla Placidia, in marriage and made him co-emperor in 421. However, Theodosius II out in the eastern half of the empire would not recognize Constantius. To assert his title, Constantius then prepared to take on Theodosius but became ill and died before plans could materialize. Galla became pregnant before his death and their son Valentinian...

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Arcadius 383 – 408 A.D.

Arcadius was given the title of Augustus when only six years of age. After his father Theodosius died in 395 he and his brother Honorius remained the only emperors, Arcadius being the emperor in the eastern half. It seems he spent his whole life ineffectually trying to rid himself of one regent after another who wielded the true power. Even his wife Eudoxia has more on record for being politically active and influential than he and, as a result, little of what he personally desired came through amid all the background noise. He died in his early 30's of unknown causes. AU Solidus RIC 1 (X) Solidus...

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Aelia Flaccilla ? – 386 A.D.

Wife of Theodosius I and mother of Honorius and Arcadius. AU Solidus RIC 72 (Constantinople) Solidus Obv: AELFLACCILLAAVG - Draped bust right, with elaborate headdress, necklace and mantle. Rev: SALVSREIPVBLICAE Exe: CONOB - Victory seated right on throne, writing Christogram on shield held on small column. c.383-386 (Constantinopolis). $11,543 12/5/02. AR Siliqua RIC 78 (Constantinople) Siliqua Obv: AELFLACCILLAAVG - Diademed, draped bust right. Rev: No legend Exe: CON - Chi-rho within wreath. $1,500 4/1/01. AE2 RIC 23 (Heraclea), C 4 AE2 Obv: AELFLACCILLAAVG - Mantled,...

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