Coin Catalogue

Maximianus 286 – 305 & 306 – 308 & 310 A.D.

One of the members of the Tetrarchy, Maximianus had a convoluted reign that started when he and Diocletian began ruling as equals in 286. Maximianus was in charge of the western portion of the empire along with Constantius I, his junior in command, while Diocletian and Galerius ruled the eastern half. After several years of putting down revolts and usurpers, both he and Diocletian abdicated to let their Caesars take their place in 306. However, this peaceful arrangement would come to an end soon when Maximianus's son Maxentius initiated a revolt of his own. Seeing that it would lend an air of legitimacy...

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Maxentius 306 – 312 A.D.

The tale of Maxentius is one of the more convoluted accounts of any Roman emperor. It all started when some years before Diocletian came up with his Tetrarchy scheme. Together with Maximian, both were to be Augusti ruling jointly with each overseeing half of the empire. Each in turn named a Caesar as right-hand-man and would succeed the emperor when the latter died. Maximian was the father of Maxentius and, in other times, would have normally been Maximian's successor but the new ruling format had no place for him. When Diocletian abdicated and forced Maximian to do likewise Maxentius lost all hope....

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Maximinus II 308 – 313 A.D.

The nephew of Galerius, Maximinus "Daia" was chosen as his eastern Caesar under the shaky Tetrarchy of Diocletian. He was sent to oversee Syria and Egypt where he awaited his turn at being emperor of the east half of the empire. Unfortunately for him, the western Caesar, Severus II, was defeated by the usurper Maxentius. This in turn forced Galerius to name Licinius as his replacement. Galerius died in 311 and Licinius, not Maximinus, was elevated to Augustus totally sidelining Maximinus who was the senior Caesar. Maximinus was upset about this, to say the least, but somehow or other he and Licinius...

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Maximinus I 235 – 238 A.D.

Maximinus rose to power via the army where he served as legion commander during a turbulent period of battles against the Germanic tribes. The soldiers under his command, displeased with the wishy-washy way of their current emperor (Severus Alexander), voted with their swords and proclaimed Maximinus emperor. Although he scored a number of successes against the barbarians his dealings in civilian matters were another story entirely. He terrorized the Senate and raised taxes drastically. His tyranical ways, which included a seething contempt for aristocracy, the arts and religion, soon became known...

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Matidia c.68 – 119 A.D

Daughter of Marciana and mother of Sabina, Hadrian's wife. She is also the niece of Trajan.   AU Aureus RIC 759 (Trajan), BMC 659 (Trajan), Vagi 1334, C 9 Aureus Obv: MATIDIAAVGDIVAEMARCIANAEF - Diademed, draped bust right. Rev: PIETASAVGVST - Pietas standing, facing, child on either side. $10,185 12/5/02. AR Denarius RIC 759 (Trajan), BMC 660 (Trajan), C 10 Denarius Obv: MATIDIAAVGDIVAEMARCIANAEF - Diademed, draped bust right. Rev: PIETASAVGVSTI - Pietas standing left, child on either side. 112 (Rome). AR Denarius (Posthumous) RIC 751 (Trajan) Denarius Obv:...

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Martinian 324 A.D.

Martinian was a short-lived emperor appointed to the post to symbolically disfranchise Constantine. Constantine and Licinius met in battle with the latter suffering a resounding defeat. Licinius and Martinian fled to Byzantium. Constantine chased them both here and another battle was fought and again they were defeated. The two were captured and exiled separately where sometime later they were executed.   AE Follis RIC 16 Follis Obv: IMCSMARMARTINIANVSPFAVS - Radiate, draped bust right. Rev: IOVICONSERVATORI Exe: SMK - Jupiter standing left, holding Victory on globe and scepter; eagle...

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Marius 269 A.D

There's next to nothing to be said for Marius because his reign was so short. The historian Eutropius writing about a hundred years after his death records his reign as lasting all of three days. Aurelius Victor, another historian contemporary to Eutropius, has him murdered the following day. This is of course hyperbole as evidenced in the fact that relatively many coins of him survive. The man was a blacksmith and how he made the jump from that lowly career to becoming an emperor, however short his tenure, should be worth its own "Movie of the Week" award. He succeeded Laelianus, another short-lived...

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Mariniana ? – c.253 A.D

Wife of Valerian.   Antoninianus (Posthumous) RIC 3, C 2 Antoninianus Obv: DIVAEMARINIANAE - Diademed, veiled and draped bust right, on crescent Rev: CONSECRATIO - Peacock standing facing, head left, spreading plumage. $225 4/1/01. RIC 4, C 4 Antoninianus Obv: DIVAEMARINIANAE - Diademed, veiled and draped bust right, on crescent Rev: CONSECRATIO - Peacock standing, head right, spreading plumage. RIC 6, Göbl 220b, C 16 Antoninianus Obv: DIVAEMARINIANAE - Veiled head right. Rev: CONSECRATIO - Mariniana riding peacock flying right. AE Sestertius (Posthumous) RIC...

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Marciana ? – 114 A.D

Sister of Trajan and mother of Matidia.   AU Aureus (Posthumous) RIC 743 (Trajan), BMC 648 (Trajan), C 3 Aureus Obv: Obv: DIVAAVGVSTAMARCIANA - Diademed , draped bust right. Rev: CONSECRATIO - Eagle standing left. 114-117 (Rome). $6,790 12/5/02. AR Denarius RIC 742 (Trajan), BMC 531 (Trajan), C 2 Denarius Obv: MARCIANAAVGSORORIMPTRAIANI - Diademed, draped bust right. Rev: CAESAVGGERMADACCOSVIPP Exe: MATIDIAAVG - Matidia seated left, holding patera and resting hand on child's head; child to left. AR Denarius (Posthumous) RIC 743 (Trajan), C 4 Denarius Obv: DIVAAVGVSTAMARCIANA...

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Marcian 450 – 457 A.D.

Marcian succeeded Theodosius II upon the emperor's accidental death. It appears a commander by the name of Arbadur was key in securing the post for Marcian and convinced Pulcheria, Theodosius's widow, to not only confirm the nomination but also become his nominal wife, a purely political relationship that was only to strengthen the legitimacy of Marcian's claim to the throne. They would lead separate lives from then on. Marcian proved a capable manager for the eastern seat of the empire and died without incident in 457 of old age.   AU Solidus RIC 509 (X, Eastern) Solidus Obv: DNMARCIANVSPFAVG...

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